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Introduction to Civil Construction

Civil construction falls in the category of civil engineering which is all about designing, constructing and maintaining the physical and naturally built environment. Civil construction is the art of building bridges, dams, roads, airports, canals, and buildings. Civil engineering is the oldest disciplines of engineering. Since the very beginning of the human existence, it has been the aspect of life. One of the main aspects of civil construction is structural engineering. It helps in designing the structure in a way that it is able to support itself successfully along with resisting loads. The stability of the design will serve as the foundation of civil construction. In today’s society, there are huge projects meant for civil construction and engineering. The infrastructure used in our daily lives all has been created because of civil construction and engineering. The roads, railways, stadiums, harbors, schools and other buildings constructed all are a contribution of civil engineering.

There are many tasks performed in the industry include the planning, creation, and maintenance of public infrastructure. Anything that will make the lives of people easier.
Work Includes:

  • Adhering to the guidelines created by the government, local bodies and clients when planning, creating and maintaining infrastructure.
  • Tendering the contracts and hire contractors.
  • Creating cost estimates and contracts.
  • Creating infrastructure plans and having these approved by governing bodies and local authorities.
  • Studying, evaluating and investigating the land and building sites suitable for the possible creation of infrastructure.
  • Liaising with governments, clients and other professionals.
  • Supervising and monitoring the construction of the infrastructure to ensure it matches the plan.

Projects In Civil Construction

Civil construction often involves structures like city halls or public libraries, but can also take design and construction to another level.
Some of the larger projects handled by the civil sector include:

  • Earthwork projects like capping landfills, reshaping flood-prone areas and building new levees.
  • Bridges, from basic roadway crossings to massive bridges.
  • Canals and river stabilization or widening projects, for both shipping and recreational goals.
  • Wastewater treatment plants, holding tanks, settlement ponds, and other essential processing structures.
  • Railroads, including tracks for light rail, high speed, and streetcar systems growing in popularity.
  • Dams and corresponding reservoir tanks or lakes, including systems designed for power generation.
  • Roadways, ranging from simple-level residential streets to complex overpasses and tunnels.